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4 Factors Affecting the Burning Characteristics of Textiles

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4 Factors Affecting the Burning Characteristics of Textiles

Author: Date :2022-06-16 Views: order

UL94 Flame Chamber is used to test the vertical burning properties of various types of single or multi-component (coated, quilted, multilayer, laminated products and similar combinations) textile fabrics and industrial products.


UL94 Flame Chamber principle: the test is ignited with a prescribed igniter, simulated flame on the surface or bottom edge of the specimen in the vertical direction for 10s, to determine the flame spread on the specimen to the three marked lines used respectively, as a way to determine the rate of spread.


1、Material.

Each fiber material has its own unique combustion characteristics, such as polyester burning with the phenomenon of molten drops. Different raw materials of different moisture regain rate will also affect the heat absorption and release during combustion. There are studies on polyester, acrylic, nylon, cotton, hemp, silk, wool, the six materials burning the order of heat release and the total amount of heat release. The study shows that the order of heat release of different materials in the combustion test is polyester > silk > cotton > hemp > silk > acrylic > nylon 6. The total amount of heat release per unit mass of textile is: cotton > acrylic > nylon 6 > polyester > hemp > wool > silk. This is due to the fact that natural fibers have a high moisture recovery rate, and the heat absorbed at this stage is mainly used to evaporate the water contained in the textiles themselves, and the textiles begin to exotherm after warming up to the ignition point. Synthetic fibers have a low moisture return rate, which is used to evaporate water and less heat is absorbed. This is also related to the full degree of combustion of textiles.

UL94 Flame Chamber

2, textile organization and weight.

In the case of consistent textile materials, the shorter the average floating length of textile tissue, the heavier the textile weight, the higher the limit oxygen index of textiles.


3、Textile flame retardant finishing.

After the flame retardant finishing of the textile, its flammability is reduced.


4、Testing conditions.

The volume size of the test box affects the oxygen content in the combustion environment. The distance between the test flame and the specimen, the length of the flame affects the way the textile is ignited, and the size of the ignition time directly affects the intensity of combustion. Therefore, the test of textile burning properties should be conducted under the standard apparatus, in accordance with the provisions of the standard to ensure the accuracy of the test results.


The UL94 Flame Chamber produced by QINSUN adopts imported high-precision instruments, automatic ignition system, precision flow regulator, simple and accurate flame adjustment, stable performance and easy operation.


Phone:+86-17740808215 Tell:+86-21-6780 0179 Address:No.2578 Minhang District Gu Dai Road, Shanghai Email:info@qinsun-lab.com sitemap

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