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Evaluating Material Fire Resistance with Oxygen Index ASTM D2863 Test

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Evaluating Material Fire Resistance with Oxygen Index ASTM D2863 Test

Author: Date :2023-05-10 Views: order

ASTM D2863 is a standard test method published by ASTM International for evaluating the fire performance of materials, which includes the determination of the oxygen index. The following are the general steps and related points about Oxygen Index ASTM D2863 Test:

1. Test Principle: The Oxygen Index Test evaluates the fire performance of a material by measuring the minimum oxygen concentration required to support combustion in a mixed nitrogen-oxygen body environment. The oxygen index value represents the minimum oxygen concentration expressed as a percentage.

Oxygen Index ASTM D2863

2. Test equipment: Oxygen Index ASTM D2863 Test requires the use of special oxygen index test equipment, which usually includes a sample holder, gas mixture supply system, gas flow controller and ignition device.

3. Sample preparation: According to the requirements of ASTM D2863, a representative sample is prepared from the material to be tested. The size and shape of the sample should be in accordance with the specifications, usually rectangular or cylindrical.

4. Test procedure: The oxygen index test consists of the following steps:

- Mount the sample on the sample holder and ensure that the sample surface is flat and free of visible defects.

- Start the gas mixture supply system and mix a predetermined ratio of nitrogen and oxygen.

- Control the gas flow through the sample surface and maintain a stable atmosphere.

- Ignite the gas mixture using an ignition device at an appropriate location.

- Record the time after ignition that the gas mixture stops burning.

- Calculate the oxygen index value from the test results.

5. Results and Interpretation: According to ASTM D2863, a higher oxygen index value indicates that the material is more resistant to combustion. Specific interpretation criteria may vary by specific application or industry, so it is recommended to refer to relevant standards and specifications for evaluation.

It is important to note that ASTM D2863 only evaluates the oxygen index of a material, while the fire resistance of a material may be influenced by a variety of factors. Therefore, a combination of other test methods and standards may be required for a comprehensive assessment of the fire performance of a material.

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