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What is the limiting oxygen index of PVC?

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What is the limiting oxygen index of PVC?

Author: Date :2023-10-26 Views: order

The Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI) is a measure of flammability used to determine the minimum concentration of oxygen in an atmosphere, expressed as a percentage, that will support combustion of a material under specific conditions. Different materials have different LOI values, with a higher LOI indicating a lower flammability.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a common thermoplastic resin widely used in many sectors like construction, healthcare, electronics, automotive, among others. Its flammability characteristics make it an important material to study.

What is the limiting oxygen index of PVC?(图1)

A 2150-word essay on the LOI of PVC could break down as follows:

Title: Understanding the Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI) of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)


This section would introduce the topic at hand, explaining what LOI and PVC are. Basic details such as why understanding a material’s LOI is important, alongside a brief description of PVC's common characteristics and its applications, can be explained here.

Understanding Flammability and LOI

Flammability is a crucial physical property of any material that determines its behavior when exposed to a flame. The section can cover the science behind combustion, flammability and the concept of limiting oxygen index (LOI).

What is Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)?

This section would provide a deep dive into what PVC is. It can include the chemical structure, types of PVC (rigid and flexible), its processing, most common uses of PVC, and a brief description of its properties - focusing on flammability.

The Flammability of PVC

After introducing PVC and the LOI concept, this section would focus on what makes PVC flammable and its reactions when exposed to flame. This discussion could delve into the chlorine content in PVC, the smoke it generates during combustion, and its impact on flammability.

Determining The LOI of PVC

This section would focus on how the LOI of PVC is determined. Generally, PVC's LOI is around 40-45%. This includes test procedures, standards involved like ASTM D2863 or ISO 4589, precautions, interpretation of results, and common variables that might affect the determined value

Implications of PVC's LOI in Real-Life Applications

This section can introduce how knowledge of PVC's LOI is applied in various industries -construction, electric cables, automovile-, safety regulations, risk assessments, and in designing fire-resistant materials.


A summary of all the major points discussed in the essay. The takeaway would be the importance of understanding LOI, particularly of PVC, and how it impacts material selection and design in various industries.

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